Real world problems that can be solved by the internet of things IOTA technology that allows interconnected physical devices to transmit data to each other, the Internet of Things(IoT) is likely to play a huge part in shaping the world of tomorrow.
A report from BI Intelligence predicts that the number of IoT devices will rise from 6.6 billion in 2016 to 22.5 billion in 2021. Apart from enterprise IoT apps that are geared at improving productivity and efficiency in businesses, IoT can find application in a number of day-to-day activities in the real world as well.
Here’s a quick look at 3 current real-world problems that IoT can solve in the near future.
1. Traffic Management
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Currently, our cities and urban areas are more crowded than ever before. As populations grow, the number of vehicles on roads increase as well, leading to traffic jams that pose major problems for commuters.
IoT solutions that connect devices, such as smartphones, traffic signals, cameras and vehicles, can be used to create a smart transportation grid wherein information collected by each device can be used to prevent traffic jams.
Data collected from devices can be used to inform drivers of congestions and monitor overall traffic patterns. A similar IoT app has been developed for the city of Vishakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh, where devices installed in ambulances will communicate directly with traffic signals within a certain radius, to ensure quick and easy movement during emergencies.
2. Energy Conservation
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With the deterioration of the environment and global warming, energy management and conservation is of vital importance. A lot of this starts within our own homes, where regulation of electricity and water consumption can save both money and resources.
This is another pressing real world problem that can be solved with IoT. Smart home automation using IoT devices is an area that holds a lot of promise today. Smart meters, which are connected to lights, fans and other electrical appliances can let owners monitor energy usage.
Automatic sensors and controllers that switch off lights and air-conditioners when the home is empty can help limit the usage of electricity. Products like Amazon’s Alexa simplify home automation by connecting various home appliances for better functionality.
3. Agricultural Problems
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Farming and agriculture form the basis of economies in several developing countries and are critical areas of development for governments. Since both these activities rely heavily on natural occurrences, environments, and conditions, predictive technologies become an essential tool for planning.
Agricultural IoT solutions can provide farmers with invaluable data about soil conditions, crop yields and rainfall, to help them predict and plan activities accordingly. Data collecting software can be synchronized with machines used in fields to completely automate the farming process, reducing the dependency on manual labour.
As the technology evolves, there’s potential to find solutions for more real world problems with IoT, leading to a better quality of life.